Gulaca assumes an irregular shape extending from 36 meters above sea level in the southern part up to the complex igneous formations that rise up to 2.102 meters in the Cordillera de Talamanca (which connects to the central valley of Costa Rica and continues in Panama with mountains or highlands named Cordillera de Chiriquí or Serranía del Tabasará).
The territory is mainly livestock implying that much of its soil cover (except the forest reserve of Fortuna) shows disturbances culturally induced.
By its topographic conditions, Gualaca manifests two distinct climatest. In the low and intermediate land the climate is humid tropical and very humid temperate high experienced in the northern part of the district.
In Gualaca you may find turistic places such as: